Located in the extreme south of the country on the coast of an island on the Andaman Sea. From the 16th century on, the city was an important seaport and trading center with the Europeans, who would land at Myeik (then called Mergui), travel upriver to Tanintharyi and then cross the mountains to reach Ayutthaya. Myeik has a tropical monsoon climate and temperatures are very warm throughout the year. The population is engaged in fishing, production of rubber and coconuts, manufacture of fermented shrimp paste, the collection of edible bird's nests and pearl farming. Myeik is a gateway to the 800 offshore islands of the Myeik Archipelago which are developing a tourist trades. The area very attractive as low impact tourism preserves the area's natural beauty. Small longtail boats can take you through the mangrove area’s which can be a good opportunity for bird watching and otter spotting. The island people, the Moken (Salone) are famous as the "Sea Gypsies" and are said to be related to island tribes from Malaysia. Myeik has one of the largest fish markets in Myanmar, an astonishing array of sea life can be found , Blue Legged Lobsters, Crayfish, Tuna, Swordfish, Squid and Crabs, etc.